Land Degradation in Ghana
Land degradation is a serious global problem that is grossly impacting developing countries. Globally, agriculture is estimated to be the main driver for about 80% of the land degradation. Reports have shown that 7 and 1.5 million ha of agricultural land are degraded annually, with more than 40% of the severely degraded land in Africa.
The issue of degradation is more severe in Africa than any other continent as the majority of the people’s livelihood is highly dependent on natural resources such as forest and agricultural products. Recently, mining, infrastructure and urban expansion, fuelwood collection, charcoal production, subsistence agriculture, illegal logging, hunting, uncontrolled fire and livestock overgrazing of forested landscapes are noted as important drivers of forest landscape degradation in several developing countries, and particularly in Africa.